Creationism vs evolution has also had many days in court. The courts have ruled time and time again that creationism is not science. Creationists then changed the name to Intelligent Design and the courts came back with the same rulings. That intelligent design is religion and not science and should not be taught along side of evolution, which is deemed science by the evidence.
Here is a history of all the court cases I could find:
The Scopes trial (1925) – where the courts made it “unlawful” to teach evolution. This was during the Christian Fundamentalism of the 1920s.
Then in 1968 in Epperson v. Arkansas, this ruling from 1925 was finally overturned by the courts! This court case invalidated an Arkansas statute that prohibited the teaching of human evolution in the public schools.
By this time the evidence for evolution had mounted so much, it was impossible to deny it. But yet creationists still held on to their indoctrinated beliefs, that had no basis in science.
Wright v. Houston Independent School District (1972) was a lawsuit to prevent the district from teaching evolution as a fact. The suit was dismissed prior to the trial.
Willoughby v. Stever (1974) was a legal case that complained about using taxpayers money to fund textbooks that used evolution. The lawsuit was dismissed on the grounds that the textbooks disseminated science, not religion and that creationism was not science, it was religion.
Daniel v. Waters (1975) was a legal case that struck down Tennessee’s law regarding the teaching of equal time for creationism and evolution.
“The Federal District Court ruling was that the Tennessee law was a clearly defined preferential position for the Biblical version of creation as opposed to any account of the development of man based on scientific research and reasoning.”
Hendren v. Campbell in 1977 was a ruling by an Indiana state superior court that the young-earth creationist textbook could not be used in Indiana public schools.
Segraves v. California (1981) was a court case concerning the teaching of evolutionary biology in public schools. Segraves sued the state of California and the Superior Court Judge ruled that the teaching of evolution did not violate the Segraves’ rights, but that the State Board of Education’s 1972 anti-dogmatism teaching policy should be provided to all organizations, institutions and persons receiving a copy of the science curriculum framework.
McLean v. Arkansas (1981) was a legal case in Arkansas and a lawsuit was filed by parents, biologists, various religious groups and others that the Balanced treatment act which mandated the teaching of “creation science” was unconstitutional.
Judge William Overton ruled that creation science is religion and not science.
Edwards v. Aguillard (1987) was a case concerning the constitutionality of teaching creationism. The ruling came back that creation science was religiously motivated and could not be taught in public schools because it was not science, but that did not include independent schools, home schools, Sunday schools and Christian schools, which remained free to teach creationism.
So creationists were free to indoctrinate young children that were home schooled or in Sunday school, but in public schools, their indoctrination was not accepted.
Webster v. New Lenox School District (1990) was a court case in Illinois, in which a social studies teacher Ray Webster sued the New Lenox School District 122, which he accused of violating his First Amendment right to free speech for stopping him from teaching “creation science” in class.
The court found however that the school district had a right to restrict Webster to teaching the specified curriculum, and that in any case the teaching of “creation science” was illegal, having been ruled to violate the establishment clause and that creation science was not science, it was religion.
By this time, creationists were trying to change their image to keep pushing creationism. This is when creationism under the guise of “intelligent design” was coined.
This did nothing to further their cause. Changing the name doesn’t change the facts and Intelligent Design is not science, it’s religion.
Bishop v. Aronov (1991) was a legal case by an exercise physiology professor that sued the college on free speech grounds, when it instructed him not to teach intelligent design. The District Court for Alabama found in favor of Bishop but the university appealed and the courts found that the classroom, during instructional time, was not an open forum, and that the university had a right to set the curriculum.
Peloza v. Capistrano School District (1994) was a court case in which creationist Peloza claimed that his free speech was violated. The court found against Peloza, finding the evolution was science, not religion and that creationism was not science and that the schoolboard were right to restrict his teaching of creationism. Peloza appealed to the Supreme Court, which declined to hear the case.
Freiler v. Tangipahoa Parish Board of Education (1994) the School board of Tangipahoa adopted a policy mandating that a disclaimer was to be presented before any discussion of evolutionary biology was taught.
This was the disclaimer “It is hereby recognized by the Tangipahoa Parish Board of Education, that the lesson to be presented, regarding the origin of life and matter, is known as the Scientific Theory of Evolution and should be presented to inform students of the scientific concept and not intended to influence or dissuade the Biblical version of Creation or any other concept.”
“It is further recognized by the Board of Education that it is the basic right and privilege of each student to form his/her own opinion or maintain beliefs taught by parents on this very important matter of the origin of life and matter. Students are urged to exercise critical thinking and gather all information possible and closely examine each alternative toward forming an opinion.”
Parents then sued the school board for violating the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution and won in 1997 in the U.S. District Court. The schoolboard appealed and the decision was upheld by the United States Court of Appeals in January 24, 2000! The mandate had to go!
LeVake v. Independent School District 656 (2000) was a court case heard in Minnesota and brought by a high school biology teacher Rodney LeVake who had been told that he could not teach both sides of evolution and creationism.
The records showed that the teacher “refused to teach his assigned class in the manner prescribed by the established curriculum” and that summary judgment was appropriate as he had not shown a violation of his rights.
Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District (2005). In 2004 the Dover area school district changed it’s biology teaching curriculum to require that intelligent design be presented as an alternative to evolution. The plaintiffs successfully argued that intelligent design is a form of creationism and that the school board policy violated the establishment clause of the 1st amendment. 11 parents sued the Dover Area School District and the courts found this:
The Board’s Intelligent Design Policy violates the Establishment Clause. In making this determination, we have addressed the seminal question of whether Intelligent Design is science. We have concluded that it is not, and moreover that Intelligent Design cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents.
They also went on to say …
“The citizens of the Dover area were poorly served by the members of the Board who voted for the Intelligent Design Policy. It is ironic that several of these individuals, who so staunchly and proudly touted their religious convictions in public, would time and again lie to cover their tracks and disguise the real purpose behind the Intelligent Design Policy. With that said, we do not question that many of the leading advocates of Intelligent Design have bona fide and deeply held beliefs which drive their scholarly endeavors. Nor do we controvert that Intelligent Design should continue to be studied, debated, and discussed. As stated, our conclusion today is that it is unconstitutional to teach Intelligent Design as an alternative to evolution in a public school science classroom.”
Intelligent design ruled unconstitutional.
Selman v. Cobb County School District (2006) was a court case involving a sticker placed in a public school biology textbooks. The sticker claimed that “Evolution is a theory and not a fact”. The judge decided in favor of the plaintiffs and that the sticker violated both US and Georgia constitutions. He ordered a permanent injunction against schools from disseminating the stickers in any textbooks or any other form.
The bottom line is, that creationists have for 60 years tried to push creationism in school. It has been deemed time and time again as not a science with no evidence to support it, but a religion.
You are free to indoctrinate your kids in your own free time, but in public schools, science must be taught.
Then these dishonest “Christians” had changed the name in order to push their agenda and even today “Intelligent Design” is still deemed as religion and not science. There is no scientific evidence to support intelligent design or creationism.
Evolutionary theory is called a theory because it IS SCIENCE and it’s the theory that best explains how life has evolved to this point. It’s been deemed science by the courts and that’s why it’s being taught in schools and creationism is not. It has a host of sciences all behind it that support it with real evidence and there is no debate in the scientific community, the only debate comes from creationists who have repeatedly failed in court to push their dogma and failed to indoctrinate our youth, at least in public schools.
I feel very sorry for home schooled Christian kids or kids that are in Christian schools that are being indoctrinated with this idea of creationism which has been proven time and time again, that it has no basis in science whatsoever.
You can change the name of Creationism 1000 times, but the outcome will be the same. It’s not science, it’s religion.